8 Of The Most Common

Mental Health Disorders

By Patti Sunio

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Awareness is just the first step. If anything, mental illnesses, disorders, and such, are left untreated due to the lack of awareness, but education also plays a great role for both the persons with mental health disorders and their loved ones. That way, the whole family or support system is better prepared and mentally equipped on what’s going on and what can be done.

Here’s a good start:

MOOD DISORDERS

This is characterized by dramatic shifts in mood, which can mean feeling extremely happy or experiencing periods of deep sadness. Depression and bipolar disorder are examples of mood disorders.

 

ANXIETY DISORDER

While it’s normal to feel uneasy in certain situations, it becomes serious when the anxiety interferes with the body’s normal functioning or if the reaction cannot be controlled. That’s when it may be diagnosed as a disorder. Panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, or having a specific phobia are common examples.

 

PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder. Symptoms include delusions (when a person believes a false thing to be true), paranoia, having disorganized thoughts, and (when a person starts to see, hear, feel, or smell things that do not exist).

 

EATING DISORDERS

Eating disorders aren’t solely all about food consumption, but also how emotions and attitude affect one’s lifestyle, views, and behaviors about weight and food. Common disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder.

OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER

These are individuals constantly disturbed by fears or thoughts that make them perform a certain ritual. An example would be a person who is fearful of germs, that he would constantly wash his hands.

 

IMPULSE CONTROL DISORDER

It pertains to the inability to resist urges or impulses, and usually, the actions done are or can be self-destructive in the future. Common examples are pyromania or the impulse to start fires, kleptomania or the inability to control stealing, and compulsive gambling.

 

ADDICTION DISORDER

Addiction to a substance or an act, or anything, also means being highly dependent on it. The use of the substance will eventually be harmful and difficult to undo. Common addictions are drug use, alcohol, smoking, and, these days, even social media.

 

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

The disorder follows a very traumatic event, such as assault, death, being a victim of a natural disaster, or any life-threatening event. As a result, people with PTSD usually retain their fearful thoughts and may be emotionally numb.

 

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